SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

SHIP STAMP SOCIETY

Interested in Ships and Stamps? The Ship Stamp Society is an international society and publishes it’s journal, Log Book, six time a year.

The editor of Log book will retire this coming August and, unless a new one comes forward, the society will close.
With this in mind, we are not taking in any new members.
This is an unfortunate situation but seemingly unavoidable.

HIMALAYA HM 1892

Built as a passenger-cargo vessel under yard No 266 by Caird & Co, Greenock for the Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Company, London.
27 February 1892 launched as the HIMALAYA.
Tonnage 6,898 gross, 3,597 net, dim. 141.91 (bpp) x 15.91 x 8.05m.
Powered by two 3-cyl. triple expansion steam engine, manufactured by shipbuilder, 5,600 ihp, twin shaft, speed 18 knots.
Accommodation for 265 first and 144 second class passengers.
24 June 1892 trials and the same day delivered to owners.

Her maiden voyage was from London to Colombo, Melbourne and Sydney.
09 October 1908 was her last sailing in this service.
August 1914 requisitioned by the British Admiralty at Penang for service as an Armed Merchant Cruiser. Converted in Hong Kong with 8 – 4.7 inch guns. Renamed HMS HIMALAYA, pendant No. M67
Employed on patrol duties in the China Sea.
21 June 1916 Sold to the British Admiralty and fitted out with 6 inch guns, and an aircraft deck and a Short 827 seaplane at Simonstown, South Africa.
In service on convoy duties on the East Coast of Africa until the end of the war, was based at Zanzibar.
28 June till 04 July 1916 at sea off Lindi River, East Africa.
28 and 29 June 1916 opened fire on four dhows in a creek at Gingwea, which were hit. In this period she used regular her seaplane for reconnaissance flights.
1919 Was she used as a troopship.
June 1919 resold to the P&O.
March 1922 sold to the Board of Trade in London.
April 1922 sold via Stelp & Leighton Ltd., London to Germany for demolition.
11 May 1922 arrived at Bremen for breaking up.

Liberia 1915 $30 sg?, scott 3093 o.
Source P&O a fleet history by World Ship Society. Armed Merchant Cruisers 1878-1945 by Osborne, Spong & Grover. Mr. Erhard Jung. http://www.naval-history.net/OWShips-WW ... malaya.htm http://www.clydeships.co.uk/view.php?ref=3938

Arctic explorer Basil Assan

Born in Bucharest on 1 August 1860, Basil Assan studied engineering in Switzerland and France. In the summer of 1896, Basil Assan embarked on the Norwegian ship Erling Jart, along with a group of scientists from several countries, who have reached the Arctic, up to 81 degrees and 35 minutes of northern latitude. He was the first Romanian to reach the polar lands. He studied the geological structure and natural resources of the Svalbard archipelago (where he brought 80 plant species), iceberg formation and bioclimatic conditions. He did even exploration activity, discovering new islands. In the years 1897-1988 he made a travel on the route Constantinople - Alexandria - Ceylon - Singapore - Hong Kong - Shanghai - Nagasaki - Tokyo - Yokohama - San Francisco - NewYork - who became not only the first Romanian to travel around the world, but the first Romanian to enter into trade agreements in the Far East. The reports of the expeditions were published in the Bulletin edited by the Royal Society of Geography of Romania, the other member was. With the consent of King Carol I, he embarked aboard the Elisabeth warship and took over to Romania some islands not yet retained by anyone in the Pacific, but the project was soon recruited for lack of resources. He died on June 16, 1918, in Switzerland, in Montreux.

Romania 1986;1L. Source:https://docslide.net/documents/basil-assan.html

CATHARINA 1862

Her name is given by Navicula as CATHARINA. The stamp is designed after a painting made by L. Petersen and P. Holm.

1862 Built by Dietrich Kremer in Blankenese for the brothers Captain Johannes and Johann Joachim Backhaus.
Launched as CATHARINA. (Not as given KATHARINA VON BLANKENESE)
Tonnage 128 gross, dim?
Rigged as a brigantine.
Homeport Blankenese, Germany.

24 April 1880 with a general cargo she stranded on the bar of Opolo, West Africa, and was wrecked.

The ships painting was made by Peter Christian Holm (1823-1888) who worked in Altona and Hamburg.
The CATHARINA was painted in 1864 when she entered CUXHAVEN on the Elbe River.
She is shown with the Schleswig Holstein flag.

The painting is now in the Altonaer Museum Hamburg.

Source: Navicula.
Paraguay 1977 2g sg?, scott 1764b

BACCHUS RFA (G.B.)

Built in 1914-'15 by William Hamilton & Co., Port Glasgow, #229, for the Indo-China Steam Navigation Co., Hong Kong and purchased by the Admiralty while on the stocks on 22 March 1915, launched 10 May 1915.
Stores freighter and distilling ship of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary, displacement:3598 long tons (3656 t) Lbp:89.94m. (295'1") Beam:13.44m. (44'1") Draft:6.30m. (20'8") 2x3 cyl. triple expansion steam engines:? hp. 10 kn. complement:52, callsign:GQKB
On 4 May 1928, BACCHUS was in collision with the Greek cargo ship IOANNIS FALAFOS in the English Channel, 20 nm. south of St. Alban's Head, Dorset. IOANNIS FALAFOS sank in three minutes with the loss of ten of her 22 crew. The survivors were initially rescued by BACCHUS but she was severely damaged at the bows and was abandoned as it was thought that she would sink too. The British cargo ship MANCHESTER COMMERCE took all on board. BACCHUS was later reboarded once it became apparent that she would remain afloat. She was towed into Portland Harbour stern-first by an Admiralty tug. BACCHUS was subsequently repaired and returned to service.
She was renamed BACCHUS II in May 1936 in order to free the name for a new ship. She was sunk as target on 15 November 1938, 10 nm. off Alderney, the Channel Islands, by gunfire from the cruiser HMS DUNEDIN.

(Liberia 2012, $3, StG.?)
Internet.

HEINRICH VON STEPHAN

Germany issued in 1997 one stamp for the 100th Anniversary of the dead of Postmaster Heinrich von Stephan (1831-1897).
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinrich_von_Stephan

He introduced the postcard in Germany of which one is depicted on the stamp, it shows us a passenger-cargo vessel, which has not be identified so far I know. It is a very small image and the only thing it looks that her two funnels are yellow which belong to the Hamburg Amerka Line. She has a straight bow so it must be a vessel from around 1900.

German 1997 100 pf sg 2764, scott?

CHRISTIANA, JOMFRUEN and ATLANTIC SUN

Norway issued in 2008 a series of stamp for tourism in the country, two have a maritime theme.

So far I know the small vessels on this stamp of Oslo Harbour with in the background the City Hall have not been identified, in the last Watercraft Philately of Nov/Dec 2018 in an article by Dan Rodlie he gives the names and details of the three vessels on this stamp as, from the left to the right as CHRISTIANIA, JOMFRUEN and the ATLANTIC SUN.

The Oslo City Hall is the political and administrative heart of the city. It has an important place in the history of Norwegian art and architecture and is visited by more than 100,000 guests and tourists every year. Its two towers, best seen from the sea, stand 66 and 63 metres high. The bells on the top of the east tower provide pleasure for many people, as they play tunes every hour on the hour from 7 am to 12 pm each day.

On the stamp of Lyngor Lighthouse, the sail yacht is not identified, maybe one of the readers has a name for the yacht?
In the days of sailing ships, Lyngor was one of the most important harbours on the Skagerrak coast. It is now a popular place for holidays. Narrow, cemented paths, flanked by white picket fences, wind their way over these vehicle-free islands. Boats are the only means of transport in this South Norwegian Venice.
When Lyngor Lighthouse was finished in 1879, householders in Lyngor celebrated the event by putting lights in their windows. It had been touch and go whether the lighthouse would be built. The authorities had not recommended it, but men from the region with money and good contacts in the Storting took action and produced results. Today we call that lobbying!

CHRISTIANIA:
Built as wooden 3 mast fore-and aft schooner (borgåskute) by Paul Grünquist & Co shipyard in Valax, Finland
Launched as HELGA
Tonnage 143 gross, 85 net, 230 dwt, dim. ? x 24.5 x 9.10ft
Auxiliary oil engine hp?
1948 Delivered to owners.

Lloyds Registry 1955/56 gives for the HELGA as owner Gustaf Holmberg, at Borgå, Finland. Most probably he was also the owner when built.
1994 Sold to Norway Yacht Charter A/A, Oslo and renamed CHRISTIANIA (the former name of Oslo) and restored in her original condition.
Tonnage 123 gross, 38 net, dim. 45.70 x 7.45 x 2.61m, (draught), length of hull 33.20m
Sail area 550 square meters. 10 sails.
Auxiliary engine Caterpillar 6-cyl. diesel, 365 hp.
Crew 5-9, day passengers 150.
Used as a passenger sailing ship in the charter business around Oslo Fjord. When not in use moored in front of the Oslo City Hall.
2019 In service.

JOMFRUEN:
Built as a motor cutter BRILLIANT in Hardanger on the west coast of Norway in 1917.
For many years she carried mackerel from ports around Bergen and Stavanger to the fishmarket in Oslo.
On her return voyages from Oslo she hauled cement from Slemmestad outside Oslo to the west coast of Norway. She continued trading mainly along the western Norwegian coastline until 1984.
From 1984 in spring of 1988 she was converted into a passenger sailing vessel and used as a party-ship and for social activities based in Oslo.
Tonnage 49 Gt, 19net, dim. 1970 x 5.30 x 2.60m. (draught)
Accommodation for 65 passengers.
Her name was at one time changed to BLÅVEIS until she was renamed JOMFRUEN in 2000.
2019 Owned by Norway Yacht Charter A/s, Oslo and in active service.

ATLANTIC SUN:
1994 Built as a passenger vessel by the Porsgrunn Maskineringssenter in Porsgrunn, Norway for the Atlantic Boat Ltd. AS, Oslo.
Tonnage 118 grt, 48 net, dim. 24.10 x 6.16 x 1.60m.
Powered by two General Motors engines.
Delivered under the name ATLANTIC SUN.

She has been used in the tourist traffic on the Oslo Fjord.
2019 In service, sane name and owner, IMO No 9068108.

Source: http://www.philatelism.com/details.php?issueid=2295
Otmar Schäuffelen, Die letzten grossen Segelschiffe; Various Norwe-gian Illustrated Shipping registry; http://www.tallship-fan.de/index_e.htm; D. Rodlie. Lloyds Register 1955/56

Norway 2008 7Kr. sg?, scott 1542
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NELSON - A study of his life, by Ted Evans, Liverpool.

NELSON - A study of his life, by Ted Evans, Liverpool.

Postby john sefton » Fri May 15, 2009 6:11 pm

Nevis 2.jpg
(1) Captain Maurice Suckling.
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Nevis 1.jpg
(2) Admiral Sir William Cornwallis.
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Portrait.jpg
(3) First portrait of Nelson as an 18 year old.
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Ascension 1.jpg
(3a) From the portrait by Rigaud.
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Tristan da Cunha 1.jpg
(4) Portrait by John Hoppner.
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Gibraltar 4.jpg
(5) Lemuel Francis Abbot portrait.
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Nauru 1.jpg
(6) Portrait by Sir William Beechey.
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(7) "The Nelson Touch" Wm Marshall painting.
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Barbados 1.jpg
(8) Nelson's statue Barbados SG274
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(8a) Nelson's statue Barbados SG147
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(9) Specially commissioned portrait.
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(10)Lord Howe on his Flagship Queen Charlotte
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(11) Nelson loses the sight of his eye.
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(12)Agamemnon, Captain, Vanguard, Elephant and Victory.
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San Jose.jpg
(13) San Jose 112 guns.
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San Nicolas.jpg
(14) San Nicolas 80 guns.
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Solomon Is 1.jpg
(15) Battle of Cape St Vincent.
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Nelson San Nicolas.jpg
(16) Lord Nelson boarding the San Nicolas.
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Solomon Is 2.jpg
(17) Nelson being taken back to HMS Theseus
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SG843.jpg
(18) Battle of the Nile.
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Goliath.jpg
(19) HMS Goliath destroying Guerrier.
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Orient.jpg
(20) French Flagship L'ORIENT exploding
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(20a) Battle of the Nile. SG226
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(20b) HMS Orion
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(21) Celebrating after victory-Battle of the Nile
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Solomon Is 3.jpg
(22) Nelson's Dispatches.
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Copenhagen.jpg
(23) Battle of Copenhagen
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(24) Battle of Copenhagen, 1801.
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(24a) HMS Dictator and HMSEdgar
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Montserrat 1.jpg
(25) Nelson and Trafalgar
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(26) Trafalgar
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Nelson.jpg
(27)Death of Nelson
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(28)Death of Nelson
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(29)Nelson's body preserved in a cask of brandy.
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Nelson.jpg
(30) Monument, Liverpool.
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(31) Nelson's Sword
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Lord Horatio Nelson was born a son of the Rector of Burnham Thorpe in Norfolk, on 29th September 1758.(Michaelmas Day)
HORATIO NELSON is generally regarded as the greatest officer in the history of the Royal Navy. His reputation is based on a series of remarkable victories culminating in the Battle of Trafalgar where he was killed in his moment of triumph, when he utterly defeated the Combined French and Spanish Battle Fleet.
The poet Lord Byron referred to him as " Britannia's God of War".
NELSON joined the Navy aged 12 in 1770, he experienced sailing in the West Indies, the North West Passage when only 14,and in the North Sea. He was promoted post Captain at the age of 20. His first command was the Frigate HMS HINCHINBROOK, a 6th rate 28 guns she was the French ASTREE captured in 1779 and re-named.
He was charged later with taking young Prince William [the future King William 1V.] to the West Indies in HMS ALBERMARLE, another 6th rate 28 guns captured from the French. She was named by them MENAGERE.
These appointments coming his way by virtue of his uncle Captain Maurice Suckling (1), Comptroller of the Navy and MP for Portsmouth no less. In the West Indies he shared lodgings with William Cornwallis (2), later Admiral Cornwallis. These two men who had an early influence on Nelson are shown on the two stamps from Nevis.
Nelson appears on many stamps that are copied from painted portraits. According to Lord Vincent, Nelson sat for "every painter in London".The first portrait as an eighteen year old Lieutenant by John Francis Rigaud was begun in 1777 and completed in 1780 . It shows Nelson in post captain's uniform with the fortress ofSan Juan Nicaragua in the background (3). This was used on the 40p Ascension Island stamp (3a).
A portrait by John Hoppner was used for the 50p Tristan da Cunha stamp (4). Nelson was bitterly disappointed that he could not add a medal for the Battle of Copenhagen to the medals he had for the Battles of St Vincent and the Nile. The Admiralty did not consider that the battle should be commemorated with a medal.
The portrait by Lemuel Francis Abbot, used for the 47p Gibraltar stamp (5) shows Nelson wearing his foreign decorations including the chelengk, given to him by the sultan of Turkey, in his hat.
The $2.50 stamp of Nauru is from a portrait of Nelson by Sir William Beechey in London in 1800.(6)
The Grenada mini-sheet of the 200th Anniversary of Battle of Trafalgar shows Nelson, Napoleon Boneparte, HMS Victory and, from a painting by William Marshall - "Nelson's Band of Brothers", but more correctly "Nelson explaining his plans for the Battle to his captains".(7)
Barbados issued a stamp in 1950 showing Nelson's statue. SG274.(8)
For the Trafalgar 200 celebrations, a special portrait of Nelson was commissioned and used for many countries including Jamaica, Nauru, Solomon Islands, St Helena, Kiribati and others. (9)
Nevis issued a min-sheet (10) for Trafalgar 200 showing the Mather Brown painting of Lord Howe on his Flagship QUEEN CHARLOTTE - Glorious First of June Battle. Nelson described Howe as "our great master in naval tactics and bravery". Above the stamp is the 1780 portrait of Nelson by Rigaud and also a portrait of Admiral Lord Hawke. Nelson favoured the tactics of Hawke who was adept at chasing and breaking enemy lines in seemingly impetuous and unformed attacks.
Apart from HMS Hinchinbrook and HMS Albermarle previously mentioned,Nelson was given command of HMS Agamemnon,(see viewtopic.php?f=2&t=8860) a 3rd rate 64, in 1793 when he was assigned to the Mediterranean. It was there that he took part in the capture of Corsica in 1794. While directing naval guns from siege works outside the town of Calvi, he was hit in the face by a shower of gravel resulting from a near miss and he was blinded in his right eye.(11)
In 1797 he was in HMS Captain (see viewtopic.php?f=2&t=8862 ) at the Battle of Cape St Vincent.
In 1798 he was in HMS Vanguard (see viewtopic.php?f=2&t=7792&p=7788#p7788) at the Battle of the Nile.
In 1801 he was in HMS Elephant (see viewtopic.php?f=2&t=8863) at the Battle of Copenhagen.
In 1805 his Flagship at Trafalgar was HMS Victory. (see viewtopic.php?f=2&t=8865)
All of the above four ships are shown on the $10 issue from Liberia taken from a painting in 1908 by Nicolas Pocock.(12)
Nelson was in charge of HMS Boreas (see viewtopic.php?f=2&t=7361&p=7357&hilit=boreas#p7357) for three years in the West Indies between 1784 and 1787. She was a 6th rate 28 guns built by Blaydes and Hodgson of Hull. In service august 1774, 636 tons L125ft B34ft. When she was paid off Nelson was ashore for 5 years before being given command of HMS Agamemnon.
On 10th December 1796, Commodore Nelson flew his broad pennant aboard HMS La Minerve and, under orders from Admiral Jervis sailed for the Mediterranean with HMS Blanche to complete the evacuation of Corsica and the garrison at Elba. (see viewtopic.php?f=2&t=7794 )
NELSON'S ACTIONS AND NAVAL ENGAGEMENTS.

In February 1797 NELSON was a Commodore, his Flagship HMS CAPTAIN. In the Fleet of Admiral Sir John Jervis whose Flagship was HMS VICTORY. On the 14th February 1797 the Battle of St Vincent was fought against a much larger Spanish Fleet, Jervis' Fleet had 15 x ships of the line 1 x 3rd rate 64, 4 x Frigates 1 x Brig and a Cutter. The Spanish Fleet had 27 x ships of the line , 10 x Frigates, and a Brig. In addition 6 of the Spanish Ships had more than 112 guns.
SANTISSIMA TRINIDAD had 136 guns on 4 decks. Jervis saw that the Spanish Fleet was straggled out with a gap of about 7 miles between the leading 6 ships and the remaining 21 . He took his ships and drove them into the gap between the two Spanish Divisions attacking the Leeward Division. Nelson in CAPTAIN without instruction or signal wore out of line and attacked the Spanish Weather Division. In doing so he he offered his ship as target to seven enemy ships including the SANTISSIMA TRINIDAD .
Nelson was followed by Collingwood in HMS EXCELLENT, Troubridge in CULLODEN and Frederick in BLENHEIM. Nelson placed the rather battered CAPTAIN onto the SAN NICOLAS 80 guns, she then collided with the the SAN JOSEF 112 guns. (13)
Nelson led CAPTAIN's crew boarding and captured the SAN NICOLAS (14). Edward Berry who was an observer on CAPTAIN in rank himself a Commander, took down the Spanish ensign. Then using the fact that the SAN NICOLAS was entangled with the SAN JOSEF they went onto that vessel and captured her as well. The use of an 80 gun ship to attack a 112 gun ship became known as "NELSON's Patent Bridge for Boarding 1st Rates" (15)(16). That was at a cost, as a quarter of the British Casualties at St Vincent were on HMS CAPTAIN.
Four Spanish Ships were captured the rest were battered but escaped. Jervis was criticised for not pursuing he Spanish Fleet, but he was made Earl Vincent, Nelson received a Knighthood and promoted Rear Admiral.

Later in 1797 NELSON was Rear Admiral and had as his Flagship HMS THESEUS during a disastrous attempt to capture a Spanish Treasure Ship and the port of Santa Cruz in Tenerife. The attack was repulsed by the garrison being vigilant and ready for action.
The British had been misinformed that the garrison would quickly surrender.
Nelson sustained injuries during the attack that resulted in him being returned to the THESEUS, where he had his right arm amputated on 24th July 1797. (17)

NELSON - BATTLE OF THE NILE (18)
In August 1798 Lord Horatio NELSON was in his Flagship HMS VANGUARD. The BATTLE OF THE NILE was acknowledged as one of his greatest achievements. Following chase criss-crossing the Mediterranean, Nelson became aware that the French had taken Malta .
He surmised that the French were bound for Egypt, and he headed there arriving before the French fleet. Believing then that the French were about to invade Turkey, Nelson headed North. In doing so he passed the French who were on route for Alexandria. On being told that the French had landed there, Nelson returned and found the French Fleet anchored in Aboukir Bay in a seemingly impregnable position.
Nelson had briefed his Captains that he was going to attack immediately. Captain Foley in HMS GOLIATH 74 (19)saw that the French were anchored and swinging freely on their bow anchors. He believed that there was room on the landward side of the French ships.
Foley, without hesitation, crossed the bows of the French GUERRIER Delivering a murderous raking fire from the landward side where he anchored GOLIATH. The French ship's guns were manned and pointing seawards. In fact stores and bedding were stacked on the Indward side of the ship's decks.
HMS CULLODEN followed GOLIATH, but she ran aground on a sand bank, then the British Ships, ZEALOUS, AUDACIOUS, THESEUS and ORION, using CULLODEN as a buoy and passed clear and followed GOLIATH.
These ships attacked the French ships from the landward side. The remaining British ships then attacked from the seaward side. The French Flagship L'ORIENT 120 guns, under fire from different directions burst into flames and blew up at 10.pm. (20)The explosion damaged several nearby ships.
The French then struck their colours. But 4 x French ships, under Admiral Villeneave – GUILLAUME TELL 80, GENEREUX 74, DIANE 74 and JUSTICE 44 escaped . British losses were 600 men, the French lost 6,250. (21)
The following ships were captured and taken into the Royal Navy. AQUILON 74, CONQUERANT 74, FRANKLYN 80, PEUPLE SOVEREIGN 74, SPARTIATE 74 and TONNANT 80.
GUERRIER, HEUREUX, MERCURE and TIMOLON, all 74's, were burnt.
BRITISH ORDER OF BATTLE
Ship Guns Men Captain
Alexander 74 590 Alexander Ball
Audacious 74 590 Davidge Gould
Bellerophon 74 590 Henry d"Esterre Darby
Culloden 74 590 Thomas Troubridge
Defence 74 590 John Payton
Goliath 74 590 Thomas Foley
Leander 50 343 Thomas Thornoson
Majestic 74 59 George Westoott
Minotaur 74 595 Thomas Louis
Mutine 16 120 Thomas Hardy
Orion 74 590 Sir James Saumarez
Swiftsure 74 590 Benjamin Hallowell
Theseus 74 590 Ralph Miller
Vanguard, 74 640 Edward Berry*
Admiral Horatio Nelson
Zealous 74 590 Samuel Hood

LETTERS AND DESPATCHES (22)
TO ADMIRAL THE EARL OF ST. VINCENT, KB., COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF.
Vanguard, off the Mouth of the Nile, 3rd August, 1798.
My Lord,
Almighty God has blessed his Majesty's Arms in the late Battle, by a great Victory over the Fleet of the Enemy, who I attacked at sunset on the 1st of August, off the Mouth of the Nile. The Enemy were moored in a strong Line of Battle for defending the entrance of the Bay, (of Shoals,) flanked by numerous Gun-boats, four Frigates, and a Battery of Guns and Mortars on an Island in their Van; but nothing could withstand the Squadron your Lordship did me the honour to place under my command. Their high state of discipline is well known to you, and with the judgment of the Captains, together with their valour, and that of the Officers and Men of every description, it was absolutely irresistible. Could anything from my pen add to the character of the Captains, I would write it with pleasure, but that is impossible.
I have to regret the loss of Captain Westcott of the Majestic, who was killed early in the Action; but the Ship was continued to be so well fought by her First Lieutenant, Mr. Cuthbert, that I have given him an order to command her till your Lordship's pleasure is known.
The Ships of the Enemy, all but their two rear Ships, are nearly dismasted: and those two, with two Frigates, I am sorry to say, made their escape; nor was it, I assure you, in my power to prevent them. Captain Hood most handsomely endeavoured to do it, but I had no Ship in a condition to support the Zealous, and I was obliged to call her in.
The support and assistance I have received from Captain Berry cannot be sufficiently expressed. I was wounded in the head, and obliged to be carried off the deck; but the service suffered no loss by that event Captain Berry was fully equal to the important service then going on, and to him I must beg leave to refer you for every information relative to this Victory. He will present you with the Flag of the Second in Command, that of the Commander-in-Chief being burnt in L'Orient.
I have the honour to be, my Lord, your Lordship's most obedient Servant, HORATIO NELSON.

NELSON-BATTLE OF COPENHAGEN (23)(24)
When Denmark refused to leaved the Armed Neutrality of the North Coalition the Royal Navy moved to deprive the French of the Danish Fleet.
The Danes had 18 ships in Copenhagen Harbour protected by a 66 gun battery and a wide area of shoals that made navigation difficult
The British had 26 Line of Battle ships, seven Frigates and a number of smaller craft.
When talks between the two parties failed the Brtish Commander, Sir Hyde Parker moved in his Deputy Vice Admiral Lord NELSON into battle with the Danes.
Nelson in HMS ELEPHANT with eleven warships went around the shoals preparing to make his attack. Several key warships ran aground, BELLONA, and RUSSELL after they had tacked round the Middle Ground, whilst AGAMEMNON was stranded from the start.
Then a floating battery meant to fire on the land batteries of the Danes, ran aground..
The following action was bloody with many casualties.
For three hours heavy gunfire was exchanged between ships and shore batteries. Three ships were sent in to replace the three that had run aground, they being VETERAN, RAMILLIES and DEFENCE , they made slow painful progress. Then Parker hoisted the infamous signal 39 - " DISCONTINUE THE ACTION". Nelson, whatever he may have said or whichever eye he put his telescope to ignored the signal.
So in fact did every other ship in the fleet apart from a few frigates and smaller ships not involved in the firing since it was a general order, which every ship was supposed to obey directly, whatever their intermediate commander may have done.
Withdrawal would in any case have been suicidal. The Danes would not have ceased firing and taking men from the guns to make sail would have left the Ships virtually defenceless.
Before the fleet withdrew the Danish guns had to be silenced. Nelson's ELEPHANT continued to fly the signal "ENGAGE MORE CLOSELY". The fleet obeying his signal.
By about 2pm many of the Danish defences were out of action, the bombardment slowed down, so Nelson sent a flag of truce suggesting an end to the hostilities. This came about at 3.15pm. after nearly six hours of continuous gunfire. The British had 1000 men killed or wounded, but the Danes had 2,000 casualties and over 2,000 taken prisoner. 12 ships were taken as prizes.
Nelson's legend continued to grow. Everybody knows that he died at Trafalgar and that he put his telescope to his blind eye at Copenhagen. Hyde Parker was ruined. He left negotiations to Nelson and eventually an Armistice was declared.
Hyde Parker was ordered home and the Admiralty had him strike his flag. He was never employed again. Nelson was in overall command. He went to Russia and obtained the release of impounded British merchantmen. Handing over command to Vice Admiral Pole he returned home in HMS KITE, a Brig.
BATTLE of COPENHAGEN Line of Battle (24)
Elephant 74 Vice Admiral Lord Nelson Captain Thomas Foley
Defiance 74 Rear Admiral Graves Captain Richard Retalick
Edgar 74 Captain George Murray
Monarch 74 Captain James Mosse
Bellona 74 Captain Sir Thomas Thompson
Ganges 74 Captain Thomas Fremantle
Russell 74 Captain William Cumming Agamemnon 74 Captain Robert Fancourt
Ardent 64 Captain Thomas Bertie Polyphemus 64 Captain John Lawford
Glatton 54 Captain William Bligh
Isis 50 Captain James Walker
Amazon 38 Captain Edward Riou
Dibsirke 36 Captain Henry Inman
Blanche 36 Captain Graham Hammond
Alcmene 32 Captain Graham Hammond
Jamaica 26 Captain Jonas Rose
Arrow 30 Captain William Bolton
Dart 30 Captain John Devonshire
Cruiser 18 Commander James Brisbane
Harpy 16 Commander William Birchall

Bomb Vessels
Discovery 16 Commander John Conn
Explosion 8 Commander John Martin Heda 10 Commander Richard Hatherill Sulphur 10 Commander Hender Whiner
Terror 8 Commander Samuel Rowley Volcano 8 Commander James Watson
Zebra 16 Commander Edward Clay
Fire vessels
Otter 14 Commander George McKinley
Zephyr 14 Commander Clotworthy Upton

BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR (written up elsewhere) (25)(26)(28)(29)
Following the battle at about 4.00pm 21st October 1805, Captain Hardy told Nelson that he had a complete victory, in that at least 15 enemy ships had been captured. Nelson replied "That is good but I had bargained for twenty".
He ordered that the fleet should anchor, but this was not complied with. He told Hardy that he was near death and requested that he be not thrown overboard.
He said "Take care of poor Lady Hamilton"
Then - "KISS ME HARDY" (27)

LIVERPOOL-NELSON MONUMENT(30)
The monument is surmounted by the Apotheosis. Consisting of a roughly pyramidal group of five figures. These figures are entangled in the voluminous drapes of four large "captured" flags. The flag poles are set at different angles. An anchor and rope lie around the base. An idealised nude Lord Nelson, his right foot on a cannon and his left foot on a corpse of a conquered enemy, raises in his left hand a sword upon which Victory personified is putting a fourth crown to indicating his fourth Naval victory — Trafalgar. She is also lowering one of the flags to conceal Nelson's missing right arm. To the right of Nelson, half hidden by the lowered flag, is the skeleton depicting Death reaching out to touch him indicating that he died at the moment of victory. A lance wielding British seaman, although the lance is now missing, seemingly is attacking Death with the intention of avenging Nelson. Behind Nelson, the fifth figure BRITANNIA is kneeling with bowed head lamenting his death. She wears a Greek helmet and her right hand slung over her shield holds a laurel wreath and Nelson's decorations. One medal bears the inscription. NILE / First Aug / 1798.

NELSON'S SWORD (31)
A gold mounted presentation ceremonial sword with gilt decoration to the blade, etched with presentation inscription as follows
"THE SUBSCIBERS TO A FUND FOR ERECTING A MONUMENT
IN LIVERPOOL TO THE IMORTAL MEMORY OF THE LATE
Rt.HON.ADMIRAL LORD NELSON WITH EVERY SENTIMENT
OF THE GRATITUDE TO HIS GALLANT SUCCESSOR THE Rt.
HON. ADMIRAL LORD COLLINGWOOD FOR HIS HEROIC
CONDUCT IN THE EVER TO BE REMEMBERED NAVAL
ENGAGEMENT AT TRAFALGAR, PRESENT TO HIS LORDSHIP
THIS SWORD, EMBLEMATICALLY REPRESENTING THE
GLORIOUS VICTORY OVER THE COMBINED FLEET OF
FRANCE AND SPAIN IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD MDCCCV'
This sword was to be presented by Liverpool Corporation to honour and commemorate Admiral Nelson as "Victor of the battle of the Nile". After Nelson's unexpected death at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, his second in command, Admiral Lord Collingwood accepted the invitation to receive the sword. However, he was refused leave from the Navy and died before he was able to visit Liverpool. The sword remains in Liverpool Town Hall today because .....
The sword was subsequently presented to Charles Utting, Lord Mayor 1918 "For his gallant war effort"
john sefton
 
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