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Postby Anatol » Wed Mar 20, 2013 6:49 pm

A dhow even more strange to the European than the bedan, and which is no longer in existence, was the batil. It was easily identified by the prominent oval stemhead and peculiar sternpost projections. The latter faced in a forward direction and looked very much like the stylised head of an animal. There was some chiselled ornamentation, more par¬ticularly at the edges of the projections. Persian (Arabian) Gulf and Oman: Fast, low coaster* that was once a dreaded pirate craft; later types were used by Arab chiefs for state occasions. Prior to their demise in the 2nd half of the 20th century, they were mainly pearling vessels.Details vary, but characteristically had an elongated straight raking bow with an oval disc atop the stemhaead, except on Iranian vessels. Sharp stern with high vertical sternpost that, in some areas, carried a forward-projecting ornament resembling a dog's head. Common to both batil and bedan is the broken or angled keel, the aftermost length sloping up to and extending beyond the sternpost to give partial support to the after timbering. Кeel on some roughly one-third the length of the vessel. Rudder hung below and under the keel; worked with lines that ran from the quarters to a short spar affixed to the outer edge of the rudder just above the waterline; tall rudderhead. Decked at ends, larger sizes fully decked;ribs at waist extended above the top strake. Hull oiled and varnished; stylized decorations at bow and stern. Small types hoisted a single quadrilateral lateen-type sail with a short luff to a forward-raking mast; larger vessels, especially of the Iranian coast also had a similar but smaller mizzen. In calms, propelled by sweeps. Crew of 10-20, to 30-45 when pearling. Reported lengths 14.6-23m, widths 2.8-4,9m, depths 1.2-2.lm. A type of batil is still found on Musandan Peninsula beaches of northern Oman steamhead covered in goatskin; tall planked fin at stern; strongly curved keel toward the stern; steep rise to the floors. Length overall 11.6m, between perpendiculars 10.5m..
Sultanat of Oman 1996;100b;SG 444
State of Kuwait 25f
Sourse: Source : A Dictionary of the world’s Watercraft from Aak to Zumbra.
C.Hawkins:The Dhow
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