GREEK BIREME

The Greek bireme was an oared warship with two rows of oars on each side. It was a revolutionary invention by (possibly the Biotian Greeks since the Trojan War or more probable their settlers, the Erythraeans in Asia Minor in the 8th century B.C.) which doubled the motion force of the ship without increasing its length. This was an important advantage in pirate persecutions and in the ramming of opponents. She was fitted out with a bow ram
Steering was achieved with the two big oars. Place on both sides near the stern. Complementarily, it had a large square sail with many pulleys for its unencumbered handling. During fighting the sail was furled. It usually had 100 oars ("ekatontoros"). Its dimensions reached length 32 and beam 4.80 metres respectively.
Sometimes it had a deck for the protection of the oarsmen and the facile transport of the warriors.

SOURCES: "The History of the Greek Nation, Ekdotiki Athens", "Dellopoulos, The Greek Trireme", "Deligiannis Pericles, Naval History", "Homer, Iliad", "Aelianos Taktikos, Tactic theory".
Vietnam 1986 1d sg988, scott 1686.
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Lady of Man ll

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Lady of Man ll

Postby shipstamps » Sun Sep 21, 2008 6:24 pm

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Built as a passenger ferry by Ailsa Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., Troon, Scotland for the Isle of Man Steam Packet Co. Ltd., and launched on Dec. 4, 1975, as the LADY OF MAN (II).
Gt. 2,990, nt. 2,326, dwt. 770; 104.43 m (l.o.a.) x 16,74m.x 8.16m, draft 3.633m; two 12-cylinder, V-type, fourstroke Crossley Pielstick diesels engines, of 400mm. bore
x 460mm. stroke, geared to two shafts with controllable pitch propellors, 21 kn., thwartship propellor forward assists in maneuvering.
In June 1976, she was delivered to owners at a cost of £3.8 million, and on June 29, she arrived at Douglas for the first time. On June 30, 1976, she commenced her first
voyage in the Douglas to Liverpool service with 360 passengers and 60 cars. From December 1988-89, she was refitted by Wright & Beyes at Birkenhead. From Jan to
March 5, 1990, she was chartered by Sealink U.K. Ltd for the service between Holyhead and Dun Laoghaire. She was laid up on June 27, 1994 at Vittoria Dock, Birkenhead. In
1995, she was only used in February, May and June, and was otherwise laid up. From July 17 to Nov. 2, 1995, she was chartered by PS Line, Funchal, Madeira for their
service between Funchal to Vila Baleira/Porto Santo. In Nov. 1995, she was laid up at Birkenhead. From May 23 to Sept. 23, 1996 used in the service from Douglas to
Liverpool/Dublin/Belfast. Oct. 1996 till Nov 1996 used in the service between Fleetwood and Dublin.
June 12, 1997 until March 11, 1998, she was used in the service between Liverpool and Dublin. Thereafter every summer, she was chartered from June to September by the
Acorline in the Azores, otherwise used by the Isle of Man Steam Packet Co. as reserve vessel. She was laid up in 2005.
Source: Register of Merchant Ships Completed in 1967;
C. Chappell, Island Lifeline; www.faktaomfartyg.
com/lady_of_mann_1976; Lloyd's; Sea Breezes, 1976 to
date; Journal of Commerce, Liverpool; WP 27:17, 38:70 D.
Tilbury, I.O.M. Post.
SG175
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Re: Lady of Man ll

Postby aukepalmhof » Thu Dec 08, 2011 8:49 pm

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September 2005 sold to Saos Anes Ferries, Greece.
01 October 2005 handed over to new owner and renamed PANAGIA SOUMELA.
22 October 2005 Sailed from Liverpool bound for Piraeus.
12 November arrived at Piraeus for a makeover before entering Greek island service.

http://www.equasis.org gives for 2005: IMO No. 7400259. Gross tonnage 4.482.

2011 Sold by Dafnes Shipping Co., Greece to Hisar Gemi Sokum AS, Turkey and arrived Aliaga 10 August 2011 for scrapping. (Marine News 2011/632)
Isle of Man 2019 £2.05 sg?, scott?
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Re: Lady of Man ll

Postby D. v. Nieuwenhuijzen » Mon Jul 15, 2019 6:37 pm

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Isle of Man 2005, 66 p. StG.?
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