PENTECONTER Greek galley

The vessel depicted on this stamp I could not find a drawing of her on the internet, but she was given as a 600 BC used Greek cargo galley. On the stamp is depict a one row vessel with a ram bow. At that time the Greeks used a penteconter Greek galley for war, piracy and transport.

The penteconter, alt. spelling pentekonter and pentaconter, also transliterated as pentecontor or pentekontor (Greek: πεντηκόντορος, pentekontoros "fifty-oared"),plural penteconters was an ancient Greek galley in use since the archaic period. In an alternative meaning, the term was also used for a military commander of fifty men in ancient Greece.
The penteconters emerged in an era when there was no distinction between merchant and war ships. They were versatile, long-range ships used for sea trade, piracy and warfare, capable of transporting freight or troops. A penteconter was rowed by fifty oarsmen, arranged in a row of twenty-five on each side of the ship. A midship mast with sail could also propel the ship under favourable wind. Penteconters were long and sharp-keeled ships, hence described as long vessels (νῆες μακραί, nḗes markaí ). They typically lacked a full deck, and thus were also called unfenced vessels (ἄφρακτοι νῆες, áphraktoi nḗes).

Homer describes war ships during the Trojan War of various numbers of oars varying from twenty-oared, such as the ship that brought Chryseis back to her father, to fifty-oared, as Odysseus’ ship that had fifty men and as many as 120 men of the Boeotian ships.

According to some contemporary calculations, penteconters are believed to have been between 28 and 33 m (92 and 108 ft) long, approximately 4 m wide, and capable of reaching a top speed of 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph). However, modern reconstructions of penteconters, as well as other ancient ship designs such as triremes, manned by modern untrained amateurs, attained that top speed fairly easily on initial sea trials, which implies that the top speed of that type of ship in the ancient era had to be substantially higher. Ancient Greeks also used the triaconter or triacontor (τριακόντορος triakontoros), a shorter version of the penteconter with thirty oars. There is a general agreement that the trireme, the primary warship of classical antiquity, evolved from the penteconter via the bireme. The penteconter remained in use until the Hellenistic period, when it became complemented and eventually replaced by other designs, such as the lembos, the hemiolia and the liburnians.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penteconter
Libya 1983 100dh sg 1304, scott
Vietnam 1986 3d sg 991, scott1689
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WINDSURF BOARD

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WINDSURF BOARD

Postby aukepalmhof » Sun Jan 30, 2011 8:25 pm

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Windsurfing is a water sport invented in the U.K. by Peter Chilvers in 1958 on Hayling Island Hampshire. It is done on a large board with a sail. The sail helps the board change directions. The sport is a combination of surfing and sailing. Windsurfers can travel on either flat or rough water, as long as there is wind. Windsurfing is done a lot in the summer and spring, as are almost all water sports. There are also competitions which can be freestyle or racing around buoys. Windsurfing features in the Olympics.
Windsurfing sails come in many different sizes. The larger the sails are, the more strength is needed to control them but the more power is given to go faster. The different sizes of board affect speed also the thinner the board the faster you will go. They can range in thickness depending on the materials. Another sport similar to surfing or windsurfing is kite surfing. All three of these sports have boards that range in size and price, but all need much practice to be done well. There are many sporting places around the world that people travel to just to go surfing. Some of the best places are in the west coast of the United States, Hawaii, Australia, and Indonesia.
More info on windsurfing: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windsurfing

Guinea year?, 750f sg?, scott? Cayman Islands 1996 20c sg821, scott719. Cape Verde 1996 10e sg784, scott?
Wallis and Futuna 1988 60f sg537, scott?
New Zealand 1989 40c sg1524, scott?
Mali 2010 1800F sg?, scott?
Greece 2003 4.00 Euro sg?, scott?
North Korea 1992 20ch sg N 3176, scott?

Source: http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windsurfing
Last edited by aukepalmhof on Sat Aug 04, 2018 3:17 am, edited 7 times in total.
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Re: WINDSURF BOARD

Postby aukepalmhof » Sun Apr 10, 2011 8:42 pm

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Peru 2010 3s00 sg?, scott?
Jersey 1996 31p sg820, scott802.
Dominica 1997 $2 sg2213, scott1912
New Caladonia 1984 83F sg 734, scott?
Grenada Grenadines 1990 $6 sgMS1298, scott1224.
Seychelles 1985 $3 sg 611
Poland 1986 10z sg3055 the stamp shows, Polish Małgorzata Pałasz-Piasecka, world champion windsurfing for women, Tallinn, Estonia in 1985.
Cuba 1992 20c and 50c sg 3738 and 3741, scott 3432 and 3435
Last edited by aukepalmhof on Sat Dec 15, 2018 7:16 pm, edited 6 times in total.
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Re: WINDSURF BOARD

Postby Arturo » Tue Apr 22, 2014 12:38 pm

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Windsurf Board

Sweden, 2000, S.G.?, Scott; 2395c.
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Re: WINDSURF BOARD

Postby Arturo » Fri Apr 25, 2014 6:57 am

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Windsurf Board

Grenadines of St. Vincent, 1985, S.G.?, Scott; 484.

Kenya, 1997, S.G.?, Scott; 728.
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Re: WINDSURF BOARD

Postby Arturo » Mon Apr 28, 2014 6:45 am

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Windsurf Board

Cuba, 1990, S.G.?, Scott; 3233.

Djibouti, 1983, S.G.?, Scott; C176.

Thailand, 1998, S.G.?, Scott; B83.
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Re: WINDSURF BOARD

Postby Arturo » Sun Jan 11, 2015 9:25 pm

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Windsurf Board

Greece 1983, S.G.?, Scott: 1456.

Poland 2003, S.G.?, Scott: 3681.

Guernsey 2005.
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