GREEK BIREME

The Greek bireme was an oared warship with two rows of oars on each side. It was a revolutionary invention by (possibly the Biotian Greeks since the Trojan War or more probable their settlers, the Erythraeans in Asia Minor in the 8th century B.C.) which doubled the motion force of the ship without increasing its length. This was an important advantage in pirate persecutions and in the ramming of opponents. She was fitted out with a bow ram
Steering was achieved with the two big oars. Place on both sides near the stern. Complementarily, it had a large square sail with many pulleys for its unencumbered handling. During fighting the sail was furled. It usually had 100 oars ("ekatontoros"). Its dimensions reached length 32 and beam 4.80 metres respectively.
Sometimes it had a deck for the protection of the oarsmen and the facile transport of the warriors.

SOURCES: "The History of the Greek Nation, Ekdotiki Athens", "Dellopoulos, The Greek Trireme", "Deligiannis Pericles, Naval History", "Homer, Iliad", "Aelianos Taktikos, Tactic theory".
Vietnam 1986 1d sg988, scott 1686.
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Ghasi-vessel of Bangladesh/India

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Ghasi-vessel of Bangladesh/India

Postby Anatol » Sun Apr 07, 2019 6:08 pm

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On a small sheet of Bangladesh, the vessel called "Ghasi" . A Dictionary of the world’s Watercraft from Aak to Zumbra called "Вadjra". See the drawings. “Houseboat” on the Ganges River and delta area that was used initially mainly by local officials and for ceremonial purposes; some types carried cargo. Reported from at least the 16th century; still in use today, not only for living quarters but as mobile cinemas, for educational purposes, and by holy men collecting donations. Spoon -shaped with a high stern and low bow; bottom either flat or rounded, no keel. Large, low cabin aft, the amenities and construction commensurate with the status of the user. When used as a cook boat, 2 brick hearths incorporated. Bowers, as many as 16, worked forward of or above the cabin using bamboo oars with disc-shaped blades. Steered with a huge oar from the roof or by a large, triangular balanced rudder. When sailed, set a square mainsail with a bamboo yard and a topsail; mast stepped amidships. Crew of 9-16. Often accompanied by a fleet of smaller boats, e.g., a pallar as a kitchen boat and a small panshi as a tender. Reported lengths 7.6-18.2m, widths 2.44-5m, depths 1.22-1.88m; shallow draft.
Bangladesh2013;100,0; Ms.SG? Source: A Dictionary of the world’s Watercraft from Aak to Zumbra.
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