SIR JOHN HAWKINS

This stamp shows us the British Admiral John Hawkins on the left and Francis Drake on the right, with below it looks a naval battle action.

Sir John Hawkins (1532-1595) a naval commander and administrator, merchant and ship-owner, son of William Hawkins and a cousin of Francis Drake. Before he was 30 Hawkins had already amassed a fortune of £10,000 what was a considerable sum in the 16th century, as a result of trading ventures in partnership with his brother William, principally to the Canaries Islands. Then he turned his attention to the slave trade and made three voyages in 1562, 1564, 1567-8 partly engaged in this sorry traffic. At that time it was a normal trade even Queen Elizabeth I was a shareholder in the last two voyages, she lent Hawkins the Royal Ship JESUS OF LUBECK. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=12818
And she ordered that the Royal Standard should be flown as well as the banner of St George. The third voyage had particularly important political consequences it brought Hawkins and Drake who accompanied him into head-on conflict with Spain when a treacherous attack at San Juan de Ulloa in Mexico cost the expedition several ships (including the JESUS OF LUBECK), much treasure and many lives, Drake’s ship the JUDITH and Hawkin’s were the only ones to return.

This left Hawkins with a passionate hatred for the Spaniards. His opportunity for revenge came when he was appointed Treasurer in 1577 and later also Comptroller in 1589 of the British Navy. He proved himself a great administrator and a successful innovator, building faster ships, with finer lines, improving their armament and taking revolutionary steps towards greater hygiene by reducing overcrowding and supplying better victuals, including fresh meat and fruit on some vessels. He remained a first-rete commander at sea taking the VICTORY against the Spanish Armada and receiving his knighthood during the battle in 1588.

He was one of the founders of the Chatham Chest https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chatham_Chest and he built an alms-house in Chatham known as Sir John Hawkin’s Hospital. In 1595 he set out with Drake on an expedition to raid the West Indies, but he died at sea off Puerto Rico in 1595.

From: A Dictionary of British ships and Seamen by Uden and Cooper.
St Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla 1970 $5 sg 221, scott 222.

FRANÇOIS L'OLONNAIS pirate

On this stamp of St Christopher= Nevis and Anguilla is depict the French pirate François L’Olonnais and a sailing vessel what is given as a “carrack”. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10705

Juan-David Nau (pronounced [ʒɑ̃ david no]) (c. 1630 – 1669), better known as François l'Olonnais (pronounced [fʁɑ̃swa lolɔnɛ]) (also l'Olonnois, Lolonois and Lolona), was a French pirate active in the Caribbean during the 1660s.

Early life
In his 1684 account The History of the Buccaneers of America, Alexandre Exquemelin notes l'Olonnais' place of birth as les Sables-d'Olonne, France. He first arrived in the Caribbean as an indentured servant during the 1650s. By 1660 his servitude was complete. He began to wander various islands before arriving in Saint-Domingue - in what is now Haiti - and becoming a buccaneer. He preyed upon shipping from the Spanish West Indies and the Spanish Main.
A year or two (dates regarding l'Olonnais are uncertain) into his piratical career, l'Olonnais was shipwrecked near Campeche in Mexico. A party of Spanish soldiers attacked l'Olonnais and his crew, killing almost the entire party. L'Olonnais himself survived by covering himself in the blood of others and hiding amongst the dead.
After the Spanish departed, l'Olonnais, with the assistance of some escaped slaves, made his way to the island of Tortuga. A short time later, he and his crew held a town hostage, demanding a ransom from its Spanish rulers. The governor of Havana sent a ship to kill l'Olonnais' party. l'Olonnais captured and beheaded the entire raiding crew save one, whom he spared so that a message could be delivered to Havana: "I shall never henceforward give quarter to any Spaniard whatsoever."

The sacking of Maracaibo
In 1666 l'Olonnais sailed from Tortuga with a fleet of eight ships and a crew of 440 pirates to sack Maracaibo in what is modern day Venezuela, joining forces with fellow buccaneer Michel le Basque. En route, l'Olonnais crossed paths with a Spanish treasure ship which he captured, along with its cargo of cocoa beans, gemstones and more than 260,000 Spanish dollars.
At the time the entrance to Lake Maracaibo and thus the city itself was defended by the San Carlos de la Barra Fortress with sixteen guns, which was thought to be impregnable. L'Olonnais approached it from its undefended landward side and took it in few hours. He then proceeded to pillage the city, and found that most of the residents had fled and that their gold had been hidden. L'Olonnais' men tracked down the residents and tortured them until they revealed the location of their possessions. They also seized the fort's cannon and demolished most of the town's defence walls to ensure that a hasty retreat was possible.
L'Olonnais himself was an expert torturer, and his techniques included slicing portions of flesh off the victim with a sword, burning them alive, or tying knotted "woolding" (rope bound around a ship's mast to strengthen it) around the victim's head until their eyes were forced out.
Over the following two months, l'Olonnais and his men raped, pillaged and eventually burned much of Maracaibo before moving to San Antonio de Gibraltar, on the eastern shore of Lake Maracaibo. Despite being outnumbered the pirates slaughtered 500 soldiers of Gibraltar's garrison and held the city for ransom. Despite the payment of the ransom (20,000 pieces of eight and five hundred cattle), l'Olonnais continued to ransack the city acquiring a total of 260,000 pieces of eight, gems, silverware, silks as well as a number of slaves. Word of his attack on Maracaibo and Gibraltar reached Tortuga, and l'Olonnais earned a reputation for his ferocity and cruelty. He was given the nickname "The Bane of Spain" (French: Fléau des Espagnols).

Expedition to Honduras
Seven hundred pirates enlisted with l'Olonnais when he mounted his next expedition, this time to the Central American mainland. In 1667, after pillaging Puerto Cavallo on the coast of Honduras, l'Olonnais was ambushed by a large force of Spanish soldiers while en route to San Pedro. Only narrowly escaping with his life, l'Olonnais captured two Spaniards. Exquemelin wrote:
"He drew his cutlass, and with it cut open the breast of one of those poor Spanish, and pulling out his heart with his sacrilegious hands, began to bite and gnaw it with his teeth, like a ravenous wolf, saying to the rest: I will serve you all alike, if you show me not another way".
Horrified, the surviving Spaniard showed l'Olonnais a clear route to San Pedro. L'Olonnais and the few men still surviving were repelled, and retreated back to their ship. They ran aground on a shoal on the coast of Darién, a province of Panama. Unable to dislodge their craft, they headed inland to find food. They were captured by the indigenous Kuna tribe, which killed and ate l'Olonnais. Exquemelin wrote that the natives:
"...tore him in pieces alive, throwing his body limb by limb into the fire and his ashes into the air; to the intent no trace nor memory might remain of such an infamous, inhuman creature".
At some point before his death he sailed briefly to Jamaica to sell off a prize ship. It was purchased in 1668 by Roc Brasiliano, who sailed with Jelles de Lecat against the Spanish alongside Henry Morgan.

From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A ... 27Olonnais
St Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla 1970 6c sg 212 scott 212

Worthersee Lake

For the Holidays in Austria in 2003 the Austrian Post issued two stamps of which one stamp has a maritime theme. It shows us some sailing vessels on Lake Wörthersee. Of the sailing vessels I have not any info. The Austrian Post gives by the issues:

Hardly any other stamp in this series comes closer to the topic of holidays than this one, since a freak of nature guarantees Lake Wörthersee clean water and a wonderful temperature of between 25° and 28° C, making it an ideal bathing lake attracting thousands of holidaymakers. The River Drau, which appears to be heading straight for the lake, changes direction two kilometres before what would be its point of entry into the lake, without any apparent cause in the terrain (naturally caused by geomorphological factors). It flows in three meanders south-east and only then returns to its easterly course. This means that the lake is not cooled and contaminated by cold mountain water.Maria Wörth, the village located on the south shore and the source of the lake´s name, is the most rewarding of all the villages around the lake in terms of cultural history, if one ignores Klagenfurt, whose town centre is not on the lake anyway. Maria Wörth´s church is one of the oldest in Carinthia, and was the base for the missionary activity that originated from Freising following the migration of the peoples. Until the 18th century, the church was on an island, which also protected it against destruction and plundering by the Turks.Today, the region around the 19.3 km long and 1.7 km wide lake, the product of an ice age glacier basin, can satisfy practically every holidaymaker´s wishes in the form of accommodation of all categories and a wide range of facilities for all types of leisure activities.

Wikipedia has more on the lake: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W%C3%B6rthersee

https://onlineshop-qm.post.at/onlinesho ... Language=2
Austria 2003 0.20 Euro sg?, scott?

BAMBOO RAFT JAMAICA

Jamaica issued in 1972 one stamp of 50c with a bamboo river raft.

The raft made of bamboo is used on fording rivers in the northeaster parish of Portland, where the rafts have transported goods and people down or across the Rio Grande, Jamaica largest river.

Today rafting down this scenic river has become a favourite sports for Jamaicans and tourists alike. A similar kind of recreational rafting has also developed on the Martha Brae River in the north-western parish of Trelawny.

The rafts are made usually from 11 to 14 culms approximately 18 m in length are bound together to form a raft. It has a bamboo seat for 2 or 3 persons at the rear, and the rafter stands at the front of the raft and guided it downstream with a bamboo pole.

The rafts does not last longer than 4 – 5 months. The continuous pounding of the culms against the gravel-bed of the river causes them to split and become water-logged.

It takes 5 days to 4 weeks to make a raft and one of the greatest difficulties is obtaining bamboo of the right size and quality. The bamboo is common along the banks of the Rio Grande River but the culms are too small for rafts. The builders have to go in the bush to get good bamboo which takes a lot of work and time.

Today the rafts are mainly made for the tourist, but during floods which frequently appear in Jamaica are also used by the local population to ferry goods and people.

Source: http://sociology.cofc.edu/documents/Ras ... amaica.pdf
Jamaica 1972 50c sg 356, scott 355.

cangaia

CANGAIA: Aak to Zumbra a Dictionary of the World’s Watercraft does not have anything under that name.

The stamp shows a double outrigger canoe with a stempost, so it is not a dugout.

In a fishing report on the East coast of Africa I found, that the CANGALA is a wooden planked boot , which has a more pointed bow with a rounded or pointed stern, and it is a flat-bottomed vessel and more agile than canoes.

The CANGAIAS are typical used by people from Nampula Province in Mozambique as a fishing craft, mostly powered by paddle or sail. As fishing vessel she spent an average of 7.0 – 7.4 hours at sea.
Crew 5-6.
Length ca. 4.59m.

She are called BOTI in Kenya and Tanzania, In Tanzania also called Dau.

On an outrigger model site on the internet I found a model the IBO which looks almost the same as the stamp, but the Aak to Zumbra book has nothing on her.

Mozambique 1982 12m sg 973, scott 840.

DANUBE EUROPEAN RIVER

Bulgaria issued a sheet for the Danube European River of which one stamp and a label have a maritime connection.

The 25st stamps shows us a motorboat in front of the Baba Diva fort, see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baba_Vida
On the craft I have not any info.

The label show us a hydrofoil passenger ship which I believe is stylized, I can’t find any exact details of this vessel.

Bulgaria 1978 25st and label sg?, scott?

100th ANN, of FLAG RAISING ON THE UKRAINIAN BLACK SEA FLEET

Ukrainian Post issued one stamp in 2018 to celebrate the 100th anniversary of raising the Ukrainian flags on the ships of the Ukrainian Black Sea Fleet.
The stamp shows us the flag of that time and a stylized warship of the Black Sea Fleet.

April 29, 2018 marked one hundred years from the day when the ships of the Black Sea Fleet raised Ukrainian flags as a sign of subordination to the Ukrainian People's Republic.
On April 29 1918, the Vice-Admiral Mikhail Sablin, commander of the Black Sea Fleet, referring to the decision of the delegates of the ship commands and the mood of the Ukrainian sailors and officers, officially declared the entire Black Sea Fleet as the fleet of the Ukrainian People's Republic (UPR) and ordered the teams to raise Ukrainian flags solemnly.
The decision was supported by a significant part of the ships. This happened after in April 1918 the soldiers of the Crimean group of the UNR Army, under the command of General Petro Bolbochan, liberated the Crimea from the Bolsheviks.
Sablin sent a telegram to Kyiv about the transition of the Black Sea Fleet to the jurisdiction of the UPR. Teams that were influenced by the Bolsheviks hastily evacuated their ships from Ukrainian Sevastopol to Novorossiysk.

April 29 was a real triumph of Ukrainian officers and sailors, showing the whole world the desire of Ukrainians to have their own strong state and their own naval forces. This event was the first chord of the fact that Sevastopol is a Ukrainian port, and Ukrainians are entrenched in the Black Sea.

http://qha.com.ua/en/war-defence/ukrain ... rs/143234/
Ukraine 2018 5.00K sg?, scott?
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