VLTAVA paddle steamer

Steamships of Europe by Alistair Deayton gives for the VLTAVA:
Built as a paddle steamer in 1940 by the Ustecka Lod. Usti (Aussiger Schiffswerft, Aussig) and completed at the Praga yard for OSD..
Launched as MOLDAU.
Dim. 54.0 x 5.1/9.1m.
Engine: compound diagonal CKD, Prague, 150 hp. Coal fired.
650 passengers.
Built for the service between Prague to the Slapy Dam on the River Vlatava.
1945 Renamed in VLTAVA.
She was built as the prototype for a class of six sisters, but in the event only one further steamer LABE, was built. Her upper deck was added in 1960 but removed in 1961 because of stability problems.
1979 Converted to oil-firing.

Czech Post.gives by the issues.
The paddle steamer VLTAVA is the last of the two vintage steamers on the Vltava River. The other one is the VYSEHRAD steamer. Even after a few complete refurbishments, it has retained its unmistakable historical charm, making it a favourite place for weddings, corporate events, but also an unusual environment for conferences or teambuilding events. The paddle steamer VLTAVA was launched in the Prague shipyards in 1940 as a passenger ship. It was placed on the list of Czech cultural heritage at a ceremony held in 2013. In 1991, it was rebuilt into a restaurant steamer. The output of the steam engine of the VLTAVA steamer is 112.5 kW (150 hp)

Czech Republic 2018 A mail sg?, scott?

SIEGE OF CONSTANTINOPLE (717-718)

In 1937 Greece issued a set of stamps on historical facts of the country, two of this stamp have a maritime theme, the 2d shows us the Battle of Salamis see: viewtopic.php?f=2&t=14946&p=19159&hilit=battle+of+salamis#p19159 while the 15p stamp shows us a deck of a ship.
On the internet I found that this stamps shows us Leon Isavros and the destruction of the Arabs, but by searching on the internet for this name it did give a blank. A few times the name Leo III the Isaurian came forwards, he was Byzantine Emperor at that time, see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leo_III_t ... tantinople I do not believe he himself is depict on this stamp but he was a Greek and a large part of his fleet was owned and crewed by Greek know at that time as “karabisianoi fleet” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karabisianoi
The vessel used by the “karabisianoi” was the DROMON and most probably this type of vessel is depict, DROMON see viewtopic.php?f=2&t=13587&p=15050&hilit=dromon#p15050

Siege of Constantinople (717–718)
Leo entered Constantinople on 25 March 717 and forced the abdication of Theodosios III, becoming emperor as Leo III. The new Emperor was immediately forced to attend to the Second Arab siege of Constantinople, which commenced in August of the same year. The Arabs were Umayyad forces sent by Caliph Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik and serving under his brother Maslama ibn Abd al-Malik. They had taken advantage of the civil discord in the Byzantine Empire to bring a force of 80,000 to 150,000 men and a massive fleet to the Bosphorus.
Careful preparations, begun three years earlier under Anastasius II, and the stubborn resistance put up by Leo wore out the invaders. An important factor in the victory of the Byzantines was their use of Greek fire. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_fire The Arab forces also fell victim to Bulgarian reinforcements arriving to aid the Byzantines. Leo was allied with the Bulgarians but the chronicler Theophanes the Confessor was uncertain if they were still serving under Tervel of Bulgaria or his eventual successor Kormesiy of Bulgaria.
Unable to continue the siege in the face of the Bulgarian onslaught, the impenetrability of Constantinople's walls, and their own exhausted provisions, the Arabs were forced to abandon the siege in August, 718. Sulayman himself had died the previous year and his successor Umar II would not attempt another siege. The siege had lasted 12 months.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leo_III_the_Isaurian
Greece 1937 15p sg?, scott?

BRENDAN replica 1976

It is theorized by some scholars, that the Latin texts of Navigatio Sancti BRENDANi Abbatis (The Voyage of St. BRENDAN the Abbot) dating back to at least 800 AD tell the story of BRENDAN's (c. 489–583) seven-year voyage across the Atlantic Ocean to a new land and his return. Convinced that the legend was based in historical truth, in 1976 Tim Severin built a replica of BRENDAN's currach It is theorized by some scholars, that the Latin texts of Navigatio Sancti Brendani Abbatis (The Voyage of St. Brendan the Abbot) dating back to at least 800 AD tell the story of Brendan's (c. 489–583) seven-year voyage across the Atlantic Ocean to a new land and his return. Convinced that the legend was based in historical truth, in 1976 Severin built a replica of Brendan's currach. Handcrafted using traditional tools, the 36-foot (11 m), two masted boat was built of Irish ash and oak, hand-lashed together with nearly two miles (3 km) of leather thong, wrapped with 49 traditionally tanned ox hides, and sealed with wool grease.
Between May 1976 and June 1977, Severin and his crew sailed the Brendan 4,500 miles (7,200 km) from Ireland to Peckford Island, Newfoundland, stopping at the Hebrides and Iceland en route. He considered that his recreation of the voyage helped to identify the bases for many of the legendary elements of the story: the "Island of Sheep", the "Paradise of Birds", "pillars of crystal", "mountains that hurled rocks at voyagers", and the "Promised Land". Severin's account of the expedition, The Brendan Voyage, became an international best seller, translated into 16 languages.

The boat is now featured at the Craggaunowen open-air museum in County Clare, Ireland


Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tim_Sever ... yage_(1976–1977)
Suriname 2018 SRD 15.50 sg?, scott?

SALT KETTLE painting

Bermuda issued in 1990 four stamps with paintings showing Bermudian scenes, the 60c has a maritime theme and shows us the Salt Kettle building with on the left of the stamp a sailing watercraft and moored near the Kettle House a few other sailing vessels. The painting is made by Prosper Senat in 1916.

Prosper Senat (1852-1925) was born in America and eventually settled in England where he died. We know of three dates when he visited Bermuda. The view of Salt Kettle (painted from the same vantage point as the famed Winslow Homer watercolour) was painted in 1916. The quality of light is particularly rich, and suggestive of a passing squall. How many Bermuda works he executed is unknown. The Masterwork Foundation has been able to secure two originals; one watercolour and one gouache.

Source: http://www.bermudastamps.co.uk/1990/04/ ... s-part-ii/
Bermuda 1990 60c sg 609, scott ?

HAMBURG PORT 800th ANNIVERSARY

Grenada issued in 1990 a set of stamps and a miniature sheet of $3 and a MS, both where issued for the 800th anniversary of the port of Hamburg.

The $3 stamp shows us a feeder coaster https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feeder_ship she is till so far not identified.

The $6 miniature sheet shows us two sailing vessels of the 13th century, both have been not identified in front of the port of Hamburg, on the River Elbe.

Grenada 1990 $3 and $6 sg 2079 and sgMS2119, scott 1796 and 1799

SAN CRISTOBAL carrack 1525

The SAN CRISTOBAL was a new vessel, most probably a caravel and most probably at that time built in Panama, and she was chartered by Pizarro for his expedition in 1525.It is given that she was built for Vasco Nunez se Balboa but when he dies in 1519, she was laid up.
Francisco Pizarro made 3 expeditions which, sailed from Panama, directed him towards the south to finally reach and conquer the Inca Empire.
In 1524, Francisco Pizarro together with Diego de Almagro and Hernando de Luque founded "La Compañía del Levante”.

The first trip of Francisco Pizarro
The first expedition left Panama with two ships, the SANTIAGO and the SAN CRISTÓBAL. The SANTIAGO went to the Perlas Islands to continue along the coast until it reached a point they called Puerto de Hambre because the supplies they had on board were finished there. The lack of food made Francisco Pizarro send back the SANTIAGO to the Perlas Islands in search of supplies.
The trip resumed at the beginning of the year 1525. They continued towards the south until they arrived at the Fort of the Cacique de las Piedras where the expedition was attacked by the natives, finally returning to Chochama .
During the return of Pizarro to Chochama, the SAN CRISTÓBAL, with Diego de Almagro, had travelled from Panama to reach the Fort of Cacique de las Piedras where they were also attacked by the Indians. In that confrontation Diego de Almagro lost an eye after being hit by an arrow. In retaliation he burned Fort of Cacique de las Piedras.
After returning to Chochama and meeting Francisco Pizarro, the first expedition ended.
The second trip of Francisco Pizarro
In October of 1526, Francisco Pizarro and Diego de Almagro left to the south with the SANTIAGO and the SAN CRISTÓBAL. At the end of July of 1527 the expedition reached the bay of San Mateo to continue to the island of Gallo. At this moment one of the key moments of the expedition took place after Francisco Pizarro stayed on the island with part of the crew and sent the two ships to Panama with Diego de Almagro and Juan Carballo.
At the end of September 1527, the two ships, led by Juan Tafur, returned to the island of Gallo with the mission entrusted by Pedro de los Ríos, governor of Panama, to pick up Francisco Pizarro and the rest of the crew that had remained on the island and take them back to Panama. At that moment, Francisco Pizarro drew his sword, drew a line in the sand and said to his men: "On this side you are going to Panama to be poor, for this to Peru to be rich, choose what is good Castilian what I'd rather be him" Thirteen were the men who crossed the line drawn by Francisco Pizarro. Juan Tafur moved Francisco Pizarro and the thirteen to Gorgona Island, while the rest continued on to Panama.
The thirteen who stayed with Francisco Pizarro, called "The thirteen knights of the island of Gallo" or "The thirteen of fame”, were (arranged alphabetically by last name):
Pedro Alcón, Alonso Briceño, Pedro de Candia, Antonio Carrión, Francisco de Cuéllar, García Jerén, Alonso Molina, Martín Paz, Cristóbal de Peralta, Nicolás de Rivera (the old man), Bartolomé Ruiz, Domingo de Soraluce and 'Juan de la Torre and Díaz Chacón’.
After spending six months on Gorgona Island, in March 1528 the pilot Ruiz returned to pick up Francisco Pizarro, who convinced him to continue the journey south until they reached Tumbes , which he called Nueva Valencia , the first important city that they had met.
Before returning to Panama with the conviction of having found the Inca Empire, the Tahuantinsuyo, continued traveling south until reaching the mouth of the Santa Clara River.

The third trip of Francisco Pizarro.
On this expedition the SAN CRISTÓBAL is not more mentioned.
The third expedition departed in January 1531 from Panama. They advanced through the Coaque region, an area in which the cacique Tumbalá invited them to Puná Island, where Francisco Pizarro confirmed that the Inca Empire was in a civil war.
In January of 1532 they arrived at Tumbes, and from there they continued to Poechos. Later, in the Chira Valley, Francisco Pizarro founded on 15 May / July 1532 San Miguel , the first Spanish city in the Inca territory, where a garrison of 60 men remained.
In September of 1532, 110 men of infantry and 67 of cavalry under the command of Francisco Pizarro continued his way towards the south. After advancing along the coast, they arrived in Cajamarca on November 15, 1532. Francisco Pizarro sent for dinner that night to Atahualpa, who accepted the invitation but not for that day but for the next day, November 16, 1532, date in which Pizarro takes him prisoner and confined him in a room in Cajamarca .
Later, after appointing Inca Túpac Hualpa, brother of Atahualpa, he continued to El Cusco, the capital of the Inca Empire, which he finally occupied in November 1533.


Source: http://www.historiadelascivilizaciones. ... zarro.html
Peru 1936 2c sg 567, scott 343.

SANTA ROSA lake steamer 1903

The vessel depict on this stamp is given by Watercraft Philately as the SANTA ROSA on Lake Llanquihue, Chile.

In the year 1902 a group of people from Puerto Varas, Chile formed a partnership with the purpose of building a steamship to be used for service on Lake Llanquihue. The company was founded on 11 September 1902, which traded under the corporate name of "Sociedad Klenner, Niklitscheck and Company"; its initial capital was $ 50,000 and it consisted of 65 members. The new steamship, which was given the name of "SANTA ROSA was built by the firm Behrens, at Valdivia, and being the first steamship which was built entirely of iron on the lake. Its dimensions were 28 meters in length with a capacity of 80 tons; Fitted out with two masts, yards and sails which on her first voyages were used to increase her speed, later the sails were removed, because they were constantly exposed to the sparks coming from the funnel of the boilers that were fed with firewood, her capacity was 80 passengers The SANTA ROSA when completed was moved unrigged from Valdivia to Puerto Montt by sea. The transport overland from this city to the lake was not easy, because the road was narrow and in many parts with steep slopes that only with good oxen it was possible to overcome the transport problems.
It took several days for the transport over the road to reach finally her destination, in Puerto Chico, where she was rerigged and fitted out.
On 13 December1903, the SANTA ROSA was able to make her maiden voyage between Puerto Varas and Puerto Octay. It was a very scenic trip using steam engines and sails. In the middle of the journey, the ship suffered engine failure of a vital part of the machine, and was towed to port for repair.
The SANTA ROSA had several owners in a few years. The company was modified; some partners withdrew and others joined. The new company, which revolved with the name "José Matzner and others", was constituted in the month of November 1910. It keeps this name for three years.
January 1914 the company was acquired by Mr. Cristino Haase. The two wharves and warehouses that the company owned in Puerto Varas and Puerto Octay were also transferred with the steamship.
In 1915, Mr. Haase sold the SANTA ROSA to Mr. Augusto Minte and the value of the transaction amounted to $ 40,000, including some spare parts such as the propeller and others.
In September of the year 1918 it was acquired by Mr. Carlos Heim, after which the SANTA ROSA sailed without interruption until 1938 the year in which she underwent repairs and general modernizations. The machines were removed for a complete overhaul. The SANTA ROSA was lengthened to 36 meters. It was also modernized with accommodations for 150 passengers and adapted mainly for the service of tourists in comfortable and luxurious cabins. Also it was fitted out for the transport of all sorts of cargo in large holds.
Among his illustrious passengers, the Argentine Cardinal, Monsignor José L. Coppelo, is remembered. This representative of the Holy See, in his capacity as "papal delegate", on Sunday 02 November 1941, embarked in Ensenada to Puerto Varas accompanied by a select delegation.
From Buenos Aires, via San Carlos de Bariloche, he went to Santiago, to participate in the Eucharistic Congress of that year.
The "Santa Rosa" sailed until 1945, when she was sold; it was intended to unrig her and move it to Puerto Montt to put it in service between Puerto Montt and Puerto Aysen.
Out of service she remained half unrigged in Puerto Varas until a strong storm threw her on the beach where her last remains were abandoned.

Source: http://www.laensenada.cl/page15.html
Chile 1938 1.80p sg 275, scott206.
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