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Victoria (1519) (Magellan)

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Victoria (1519) (Magellan)

Postby john sefton » Mon Jun 22, 2009 6:59 pm

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Victoria (or Nao Victoria, as well as Vittoria) was a Spanish carrack and the first ship to successfully circumnavigate the world. The Victoria was part of a Spanish expedition under the Portuguese commander, Ferdinand Magellan, and was accompanied by four other ships. Of this fleet of five, Victoria was the only ship to complete the voyage. Magellan himself was killed in the Philippines. This ship, along with the four others, was given to Magellan by King Charles I of Spain. Victoria was named after the church of Santa Maria de la Victoria de Triana, where Magellan took an oath of allegiance to Charles V in order to be granted full access to the Spice Islands.[citation needed]

The four other ships were Trinidad (110 tons, crew 55), San Antonio (120 tons, crew 60), Concepción (90 tons, crew 45), and Santiago (75 tons, crew 32). Trinidad, Magellan's flagship, Concepcion, and Santiago were wrecked or scuttled; San Antonio deserted the expedition before the Straits of Magellan and returned to Europe on her own.

Victoria was rated a carrack or nao (ship), as were all the others except Trinidad, which was a caravel.

The voyage started with a crew of about 265 men. Of all these men, only eighteen returned alive on the Victoria. Many of the men died of malnutrition. Beginning the voyage, Luis De Mendoza was the captain of the ship, but after Magellan was killed, Juan Sebastian Del Cano (or Elcano) became captain for the remainder of the expedition. Seventeen other members of the expedition returned later.

The long circumnavigation began in Spain in 1519 and returned early September of 1522 after traveling 42,000 miles, 22,000 miles of which were unknown to the crew. On December 21, 1521, Victoria sailed on alone because the other ships were either seized or were not able to make it because of the terrible conditions. During the course of the expedition, the fleet faced several harsh storms. This was evident because upon returning this ship was in terrible shape, with her sails torn and only kept afloat by continuous pumping out of water. Victoria managed to pull through and return to Spain with a shipload of spices.

Various web sites.

Marshall Is SG?
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Re: Victoria (1519) (Magellan)

Postby aukepalmhof » Sat Dec 28, 2013 2:27 am

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1998 VICTORIA.jpg
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Laos 1992 350k sg 1307, scott1087
Guyana 1998 $80 sg?, scott3309e
Chad 2013 300F sgMS?, scott?
Mali 2010 1400F sg?, scott?
Penrhyn 1983 36c on 20c sg304.
Palau 1992 29c sg 529, scott 302j
Monaco 2019 2.60 Euro sg?, scott?
By comparing the vessel on the stamp issued by Monaco, she is the VICTORIA,
Romania 2019 7L and MS 28.50 sg?, scott?

In 1518 Charles I of Spain (later Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) agreed to finance Ferdinand Magellan's plan to sail to the Moluccas (present day Indonesia), islands with highly sought-after spieces, via the south-west passage. In September 1519, five ships left Sanlucar. By December, they has crossed the Atlantic and reached Brazil. On 1 November 1520, the strait between the Atlantic and Pacific was discovered. It would later come to be known as the Strait of Magellan. In March 1521, the fleet arrived in the Philippines. Magellan was killed in a battle with the indigenous population. Captin Elcano continued the voyage and eventually reached the Moluccas. The fleet (only the VICTORIA) returned to Seville on 4 September 1522.

https://www.wopa-plus.com/en/stamps/product/&pgid=56649
Monaco 2019 2.60 Euro sg?, scott?
Last edited by aukepalmhof on Fri Oct 04, 2019 7:17 pm, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: Victoria (1519) (Magellan)

Postby advanderpol46 » Tue Mar 25, 2014 12:12 pm

Also on 1978 Hungarian stamp Michel nr 3297A and on block 131A and 131B
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Re: Victoria (1519) (Magellan)

Postby Arturo » Sat Apr 19, 2014 6:25 pm

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Victoria (Magellan)

Romania, 1971, S.G.?, Scott; 2308.

Umm Al Qiwain, ????, S.G.?, Scott; ?
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Re: Victoria (1519) (Magellan)

Postby Arturo » Sun Feb 15, 2015 9:24 pm

Victoria.jpg
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Victoria (1519) (Magellan)

Bulgaria 1992, S.G.?, Scott: 3682.

Palau 1996, S.G.?, Scott: 389a.
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Re: Victoria (1519) (Magellan)

Postby Arturo » Fri Apr 10, 2015 8:13 pm

Victoria.jpg
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Victoria (1519)

On the stamp depicted Victoria and Antonio Pigafetta.

For more info about him, See Topic: "Antonio Pigafetta (Italian Explorer) 1491-1531"

Italy 1980, S.G.:1634, Scott: 1395.
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Re: Victoria (1519) (Magellan)

Postby Anatol » Tue Apr 14, 2015 10:01 pm

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Виктория (1519) (Magellan)
St.Tome and Principe 2008;20000db;SG? Fr.Ant.Territ 1973;185f.SG88. Paraguay 1985;1987;2gs;
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Re: Victoria (1519) (Magellan)

Postby aukepalmhof » Wed Oct 09, 2019 7:00 pm

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About 500 Years First World Circumnavigation

A special block with three stamps is dedicated to the first circumnavigation of the world 500 years ago. The Portuguese "Ferdinand Magellan" (face value: CHF 2.80) set sail from Spain in 1519 with five ships and a crew of 237 men with the aim of finding a western sea route to the Moluccas Islands in Southeast Asia. Spices grew there that were much sought-after and traded at high prices in Europe. Magellan headed for South America first, where he found the entrance to the Pacific between Tierra del Fuego and the southern tip of South America in October 1520.

The strait is known as the "Magellan Strait" was an important sea route until the construction of the Panama Canal and is still used by many ships today.

In the following March, the fleet reached an island in the Philippines but Magellan was killed in a dispute with the indigenous people. The stamp "Death in the Philippines" (face value: CHF 2.20) commemorates this bloody battle.

The Spaniard Juan Sebastian Elcano became the new captain. He succeeded in reaching the Spice Islands. He then sailed with the VICTORIA (face value: CHF 1.30) around the southern tip of Africa back to Spain, arriving on 7 September 1522 on the only sailing ship left in the fleet, loaded with precious spices, thus completing the circumnavigation of the world

https://www.wopa-plus.com/en/stamps/product/&pgid=56368
Liechtenstein 2019 6.30 Euro sgMS?, scott?
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