SIMPSON (SS-21) submarine

Chile issued in 1992 two stamps for the 75th Anniversary of Chilean Submarine Fleet.
The 150p stamp depicts a submarine, the 250p the inside of a command tower of a submarine.
In Watercraft Philately Volume 48 page 08 is given that the submarine depicts on the Chilean stamp is the SIMPSON built in 1944 for the USS Navy as USS SPOT, but by looking to photos of this submarine she looks very different as the one depicts on the stamp. The main thing is the bow form and she was one of the last submarines which had a deck-gun till stricken by the Chilean Navy.
The submarine depicts must be the SIMPSON completed in 1984.

Built as a submarine under yard no 182 by Howaldtswerke D.W., Kiel Germany as one of the 209 class for the Navy of Chile.

15 February 1982 laid down.
29 July 1983 launched as the SIMPSON (SS-21) one sister the THOMSON. (SS-20)
Displacement 1,285 surfaced, 1,390 ton submerged, dim. 59.5 x 6.2 x 5.5m. (draught)
Powered diesel electric by four MTU 12V-493-A280 diesels, Siemens Electric motor, 2,400hp. surface, 4,600 hp submerged. One shaft. Speed 11 knots surfaced, 21.5 knots submerged.
Armament: 8 - 21 inch torpedo tubes.
Crew 32.
1984 completed.

31 August 1984 arrived in Valparaiso.
1990 She underwent a refit at the ASMAR shipyard.
2018 In service.

(The submarine depict on Chile 1989 stamp 45p sg 1248 scott839 is also one of this class. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=7113&p=7109&hilit=blanco+encalada#!lightbox/0/

Source: https://www.miramarshipindex.nz/ Internet.
Chile 1992 150p sg 1456, scott 1014.




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FRENCH POLYNESIA native watercraft 1992 issue

For the 6th Anniversary of the Pacific Art Festival in Rarotonga, Cook Islands French Polynesia issued two stamps which show us watercraft of the islands.

The 40F shows us a raft from the Gambier Islands, which is designed after an engraving made by Danvin and Labas.

I found in “Enzyklopadie der Maritimen Philately” from Navicula, that the raft depict on the 40F French Polynesia 1992 is named a KIATU
The following is a translation:
A “kiatu” is a 13 – 17 m. long raft made of up to 15 wood logs (most probably at the Gambier Island made of bamboo poles) lashed together, the middle logs are longer than the outside logs, which form a V bow.
In the amidships is stepped a forward leaning mast which carried a triangular sail between two poles, lower end fastened at the bow.
The raft can carry up to 20 people, and can also powered by 12 men with paddles.


The 65f This large original copper-plate engraved antique print a view of Matavia Bay, on the Island of Tahiti, with various canoes & boats, visited by Captain James Cook in August 1773, during his 2nd Voyage of Discovery to the South Seas, was engraved by Robert Benard - after William Hodges - and was published in the 1778 French edition of Capt. James Cooks 2nd Voyage of Discovery to the South Seas A voyage towards the South Pole, and round the World. Performed in His Majestys ships the RESOLUTION and ADVENTURE, in the years 1772, 1773, 1774, and 1775


Source: Internet.
French Polynesia 1992 40 and 65f, sg 653/54, scott 603/04

10th Anniversary of the Liberation of the Falkland Islands

Ascension and South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands issued both a miniature sheet for the 10th Anniversary of the Liberation of the Falkland Islands and the South Georgia & Sandwich Islands.

Ascension, the stamps shows airplanes and a helicopter only in the margin are three vessels depict which took part in the Liberation.

The red-hulled vessel is HMS ENDURANCE viewtopic.php?f=2&t=7833 T

The aircraft carrier is the HMS INVINCIBLE viewtopic.php?f=2&t=10013&p=12635&hilit=invincible#p12635

The passenger ship used as a troop transport is the CANBERRA.
viewtopic.php?f=2&t=8179&p=15688&hilit=canberra#p15688

The troop transport in the foreground of the CANBERRA is the NORLAND a P&O ferry. viewtopic.php?f=2&t=6468&p=16737&hilit=norland#p16737

The South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands MS has two stamps one with the QUEEN ELIZABETH II and the HMS ENDURANCE.
In the margin are depict the same ships as on the Ascension MS.

Ascension 1992 sgMS?, scott 548.
South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands 1992 sgMS?, scott B4a

SANKT GEORG SMS 1905

Built as an armored cruiser by the Pola Arsenal in Pola for the Austria-Hungarian Navy. 11 March 1901 laid down. 08 December 1903 launched as the SMS SANKT GEORG. Displacement 7,289 ton, full load 8,070 ton. Dim. 124.3 x 19.01 x 6.83m. (draught), length bpp. 117.0m. Powered by two Stab. Tecnico 4-cyl. triple expansion steam engines 12,300hp. designed, forced 15.00hp. twin screws, speed 21 knots, forced 22 knots. Bunker capacity normal 600 ton, maximum 1,000 tons. Armament: 2 – 9.4 inch, 5 – 7.6 inch, 4 – 6 inch, 9 – 12pdr., 2 – 12pdr. AA, 10 – 3 pdr. guns. 2 – 17.7 inch torpedo tubes. Crew 630. 21 July 1905 commissioned.

SMS SANKT GEORG was the third and final armored cruiser of the Austro-Hungarian Navy. She was built at the Pola Arsenal; her keel was laid in March 1901, she was launched in December 1903, and completed in July 1905. Her design was based on the previous armored cruiser KAISER KARL VI, with the primary improvement being a stronger armament. SANKT GEORG, named for Saint George, was armed with a main battery of two 24-centimeter (9.4 in) guns, five 19 cm (7.5 in) guns, and four 15 cm (5.9 in) guns.
SANKT GEORG served in the training and reserve squadrons during her peacetime career, usually alternating with KAISER KARL VI. In April–May 1907, SANKT GEORG participated in the Jamestown Exposition in the United States, to commemorate the first English colony in North America. During World War I, the Austro-Hungarian fleet largely remained inactive as a fleet in being, though she did bombard the Italian coast in May 1915 following the latter's declaration of war on Austria-Hungary. In 1917, she supported the Austro-Hungarian forces that raided the Otranto Barrage; in the ensuing Battle of the Strait of Otranto, SANKT GEORG's arrival on the scene was sufficient to force the Anglo-Italian forces to break off the engagement and retreat.
By February 1918, the crews of SANKT GEORG and several other warships grew weary of the war and the long periods of inactivity, which led to the Cattaro Mutiny. The mutiny was quickly suppressed, but SANKT GEORG and several other ships were subsequently decommissioned. Under the terms of the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, SANKT GEORG was awarded as a war prize to Britain. In 1920, she was sold to Italian ship breakers and scrapped thereafter.

Design
In the 1890s, the Austro-Hungarian Navy began to build armored cruisers to support the battle fleet and to perform some of the roles then reserved only for battleships. The first vessel, KAISERIN und KÖNIGIN MARIA THERESIA , was built as an enlarged version of the protected cruiser KAISERIN ELISABETH , with a more powerful armament and heavier armor. She was followed by an improved cruiser, KAISER KARL VI, which provided the basis for an even larger ship, which was named SANKT GEORG. Each iteration carried a heavier armament and had a higher top speed than the preceding design.

General characteristics and machinery
SANKT GEORG was 123.23 meters (404 ft 4 in) long at the waterline and was 124.3 m (407 ft 10 in) long overall. She had a beam of 19.01 m (62 ft 4 in) and a draft of 6.83 m (22 ft 5 in). She displaced 7,289 metric tons (7,174 long tons) as designed and up to 8,070 t (7,940 long tons) at full load. Her crew numbered 630 officers and men. SANKT GEORG was fitted with two pole masts for observation.
The ship's propulsion system consisted of two 4-cylinder triple-expansion engines that drove a pair of screw propellers. Steam was provided by eight coal-fired water-tube boilers that were trunked into three funnels on the centerline. The engines were rated at 15,000 indicated horsepower (11,000 kW) and produced a top speed of 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph). On her full power trials, she reached 15,271 ihp (11,388 kW) and 22.01 kn (40.76 km/h; 25.33 mph). Steering was controlled by a single rudder.

Armament and armor
SANKT GEORG was armed with a main battery of two large-caliber guns and several medium-caliber pieces. She carried two 24-centimeter (9.4 in) G. L/40 S. guns in single gun turret on the centerline forward. These guns fired a 229-kilogram (505 lb) shell at a muzzle velocity of 725 meters per second (2,380 ft/s), at a maximum range of 10,000 m (11,000 yd). Each gun, manufactured by Škoda Works, was supplied with forty high-explosive and forty armor-piercing shells. The guns were housed in electrically trained turrets that allowed elevation to 20° and depression to −4°.[3] Five 19 cm (7.5 in) G. L/42 guns and four 15 cm (5.9 in) L/40 guns, all mounted individually in casemates with one of the 19 cm (7.5 in) G. L/42 on a single turret aft, rounded out her offensive armament. SANKT GEORG carried 120 rounds for each of the 19 cm guns and 180 rounds for the 15 cm pieces.
A battery of nine 7 cm (2.8 in) L/45 guns, six 47 mm (1.9 in) L/44 quick-firing guns (QF) and two 3.7 cm (1.5 in) L/33 QF guns provided close-range defense against torpedo boats.[1] The 7 cm guns had an actual caliber of 6.6 cm (2.6 in). They had a rate of fire of twenty rounds per minute, and each gun was supplied with 400 rounds of ammunition. The 4.7 cm guns had a rate of fire of 25 rounds per minute, and were typically stocked with 500 rounds.[6] She carried several smaller weapons, including a pair of 8-millimeter (0.31 in) machine guns and two 7 cm (2.8 in) L/18 landing guns. One Škoda 7 cm K10 anti-aircraft gun was installed in 1916. SANKT GEORG was also equipped with a pair of 45 cm (17.7 in) torpedo tubes, one on each broadside.
The ship was protected by a main armored belt that was 210 mm (8.3 in) thick in the central portion that protected the ammunition magazines and machinery spaces, and reduced to 165 mm (6.5 in) on either end. Transverse armored bulkheads that were 190 mm (7.5 in) thick capped the armored belt on either end. She had an armored deck that was 36–50 mm (1.4–2.0 in) thick. Her two gun turrets had 210 mm thick faces, and the conning tower had 200 mm (7.9 in) thick sides.

Service history
On 11 March 1901, the keel for SANKT GEORG was laid down at the Pola Arsenal. She was launched on 8 December 1903, and completed on 21 July 1905. Starting from her commissioning, SANKT GEORG frequently served in the training squadron, along with the three Habsburg-class battleships, though she alternated in the squadron with the armored cruiser KAISER KARL VI. Once the summer training schedule was completed each year, the ships of the training squadron were demobilized in the reserve squadron, which was held in a state of partial readiness.
In April 1907, SANKT GEORG and the light cruiser ASPERN were sent to the United States to represent Austria-Hungary at the Jamestown Exposition, the commemoration of the 300th anniversary of the Jamestown colony, the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. In addition to the celebration at Jamestown, SANKT...

ARRIVAL AND WELCOME OF THE JEWS IMMIGRANTS IN TURKEY 1492

Turkey issued one stamp in 1992 which show the arrival of the Sephardic Jews immigrants in Turkey in 1492.
The stamp is designed after a painting made by Metvlut Akyildizk and in the Ottoman Imperial Archives.
Sultan Bayezid II granted the Sephardic Jews permission to settle in the Ottoman Empire, after the expelling of the Jews from Spain in 1492. He sent Admiral Kemal Reiz with a fleet of 20 ships to Spain, to bring the expelled Jews to Turkey.
The stamp and painting shows the arrival and welcome by Sultan Bayezid II of the Jews immigrants in Turkey.
The ship depict on the stamp, most probably a transport, Admiral Kemal Reiz flagship was the GÖKE but she was a four mast ship and the stamp shows a three mast ship most probably a transport “galleon”.

The vessel was moored alongside but still under full sail which is strange?

Source Internet.
Turkey 1992 1500li, sg 3143, scott 2526

TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS, Issues 1900 and 1948

Turks and Caicos issued in 1900 and 1948 stamps, which shows a sailing vessel under full sail and in the foreground two salt heaps and a laborer working in the salt pans. The 3d of the 1948 issues shows the Turks and Caicos Island flag before 1968 with a steam-cargo ship of which I have not more info.

The stamps are designed after the badge in the flag.

The sailing vessel on the badge is also not identified but most probably a type of ship what was loading the salt. As she is seen under full sail she is passing the island. The 1900 issues shows her also under full sail but loading you see a gangway between the shore and ship. Under full sail and loading is not possible so a mistake in the design. On the 1948 stamp the gangway is not more visible.

Salt was the main industry on the island and after the decline in the 1960s the island was almost broke.

More info on the flag is given by Wikipedia.
The previous flag used up to 1968 was also a defaced blue ensign. This flag had been in use since 1875 and had a different coat of arms to the current flag. The former coat of arms (which can be seen on the former flag below) featured a ship offshore from a beach with the name of the islands in a circle. It also showed a man working on the beach between two piles of salt. This is in reference to the salt industry which once dominated the economy of the Turks and Caicos Islands. The 1889 Admiralty Flag Book introduced some shading into the left-hand salt pile and what appears to be a door into the right-hand salt pile. This led to confusion of what the salt piles really were, with an igloo even being suggested.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_t ... os_Islands
Turks & Caicos Islands 1900 ½/3s sg 100/110, scott? and 1948 ½/3d sg 210/212, scott?

FLATWATER MEN SPRINT KAYAK, DOUBLE (K2)

For the summer Olympic 1980 in Moscow, the sailing event took place in Tallinn, Estonia, at that time Estonia was part of the Soviet Union.

Sprint kayak is a sport held on calm water. Crews or individuals race over 200 m, 500 m, 1000 m or 5000 m with the winning boat being the first to cross the finish line. The paddler is seated, facing forward, and uses a double-bladed paddle pulling the blade through the water on alternate sides to propel the boat forward. In competition the number of paddlers within a boat is indicated by a figure besides the type of boat; K1 signifies an individual kayak race, K2 pairs, and K4 four-person crews. Kayak sprint has been in every summer olympics since it debuted at the 1936 summer olympics. Racing is governed by the International Canoe Federation.

Source: Wikipedia
Equatorial Guinea 1978 150 peseta sgMS?, scott?
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