The Greek bireme was an oared warship with two rows of oars on each side. It was a revolutionary invention by (possibly the Biotian Greeks since the Trojan War or more probable their settlers, the Erythraeans in Asia Minor in the 8th century B.C.) which doubled the motion force of the ship without increasing its length. This was an important advantage in pirate persecutions and in the ramming of opponents. She was fitted out with a bow ram
Steering was achieved with the two big oars. Place on both sides near the stern. Complementarily, it had a large square sail with many pulleys for its unencumbered handling. During fighting the sail was furled. It usually had 100 oars ("ekatontoros"). Its dimensions reached length 32 and beam 4.80 metres respectively.
Sometimes it had a deck for the protection of the oarsmen and the facile transport of the warriors.

SOURCES: "The History of the Greek Nation, Ekdotiki Athens", "Dellopoulos, The Greek Trireme", "Deligiannis Pericles, Naval History", "Homer, Iliad", "Aelianos Taktikos, Tactic theory".
Vietnam 1986 1d sg988, scott 1686.


The full index of our ship stamp archive


Postby shipstamps » Sun Aug 10, 2008 7:11 am

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Admiral Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and his sloop Vostok are depicted on the 20c. stamp, which I notice gives his name as "Admiral T. Bellingshausen". Incidentally he is named "Thaddeus" on stamps of British Antarctic Territory issued in 1973 and if there is an explanation for the change of name, I am, not aware of it. He was a Russian Navy officer born in 1779, joining his country's navy in 1797 and taking part in a voyage around the world in 1803, when he was 24. In 1819 he was placed in command of a Russian expedition to explore the Antarctic. He had under his command two sloops of war, the Vostok and Mirny, with 190 men. His first objective was to complete a survey of South Georgia, which was begun by Captain Cook. The Vostok was the flagship of the expedition. She was 129 ft. 10 in. in length, with a beam of 32 ft. 8 in. and draft of 9 ft. 7 in., built at the Okhta Dockyard, St. Petersburg, by Stoke, in 1818. Like other Russian ships of the period she was built of unseasoned pinewood with only the usual strengthening. The underwater part of the ship had been reinforced and it was protected by copper sheathing on the outside. She was a sister ship to the Kamchatka which under Capt. Colovnin sailed round the world in 1817.
Info EW Argyle SB8/77.
Gilbert Islands SG53, Brit Ant SG65 Kiribati SG260 Russia SG1648 3202 3788
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Re: Vostok

Postby aukepalmhof » Sun Jan 31, 2010 2:56 am

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1986 SG-260 è¿a¿íáG¿ é«ßG«¬ Only this stamp.jpg
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2015 South Georgia.JPG
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The £3 stamp features Fabian von Bellingshausen leader of the Russian Naval Expedition and the expedition vessel VOSTOK. The expedition had two vessels, the sloop VOSTOK and the transport MIRNYY and the objective was to sail as close to the South Pole as possible. They reached South Georgia in 1819 on their way to Antarctica and surveyed the south coast to complement Cook’s survey of the northern coast. The South Sandwich Islands were also visited and more islands discovered. Bellingshausen then proceeded to circumnavigate Antarctica and is credited with making the first sighting of mainland Antarctica. The expedition is remembered in a number of Russian place names in South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

Source: South Georgia Post.

Kiribati 1986 55c sg260, scott?. 2002 25c sg?, scott?
Mongolia 2012 800f sg?, scott?
Russia 2001 2.00R sg?, scott? (VOSTOCK and MIRNIY)
South Georgia & Sandwich Islands 2015 £3.00 sg?, scott?
Last edited by aukepalmhof on Fri Mar 20, 2015 3:23 am, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Vostok

Postby Arturo » Sun Apr 27, 2014 9:17 am

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Estonia, 2003, S.G.?, Scott; 463.
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Re: Vostok

Postby Anatol » Mon Dec 24, 2018 9:46 pm

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Russian navigator FF Bellingsgausen (1778-1852) Russia1950;40к;SG1647; 1978; 4k.Postcard.
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